Policing the legality and normalcy of service members' sexual lives was a contentious process for military courts throughout the s, s, and early s that resulted in the inconsistent enforcement of the homosexual exclusion policy. Military personnel of all ranks and occupations harbored a variety of attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality that challenged the legitimacy and uniformity of the military's legal assault on sexual deviance. Over half of the active duty personnel originally accused of homosexual tendencies received either sentence reductions or sentence reversals as a result of this highly contested process by which official military policy was translated into practice via courts-martial. Paradoxically, the very policies that discriminated against alleged homosexual service members generated legal avenues through which gays and lesbians exercised their rights to due process, and, ultimately, their rights as American citizens embodied in the repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy. Rather than being an ideologically homophobic monolith, the Cold War American military rocked with contestation over an exclusion policy that attempted--unsuccessfully--to eliminate all gay and lesbian service members.
Gay Marriage Gains More Acceptance
Don't Ask, Don't Tell: A Gay Marine Writes - The New York Times
The author is an active-duty Marine sergeant in his mids. He enlisted in , served two tours in Iraq, and is now back in the United States. He has asked that his name not be published. Military Moves to Accept Gay Recruits.
Pentagon defends survey on gays in military
LGB service by country. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer LGBTQ personnel are able to serve in the armed forces of some countries around the world: the vast majority of industrialized, Western countries, including some Latin American countries such as Brazil and Chile ,   in addition to South Africa , and Israel. This keeps pace with the latest global figures on acceptance of homosexuality, which suggest that acceptance of LGBTQ communities is becoming more widespread only in secular, affluent countries. However, an accepting policy toward gay and lesbian soldiers does not invariably guarantee that LGBTQ citizens are immune to discrimination in that particular society.
Defense Secretary Robert Gates said it was a simple matter of right and wrong: "A policy that requires people to lie about themselves to me seems fundamentally flawed," Gates said. Mike Mullen , chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff , said getting rid of DADT would not have a major impact on morale or readiness as many feared: "This is a policy that we can do and we can do it in a relatively low-risk fashion. The study is based upon answers provided by nearly , troops, along with 44, military spouses.