A nephew of Napoleon I , he was the last monarch to reign over France. First elected to the presidency of the Second Republic in , he seized power by force in , when he could not constitutionally be reelected; he later proclaimed himself Emperor of the French. He founded the Second Empire , reigning until the defeat of the French Army and his capture by Prussia and its allies at the Battle of Sedan in He oversaw the modernisation of the French economy and worked to have parts of the centre of Paris rebuilt following Napoleon III style guidelines; he was a generally popular monarch, who used plebiscites to guide his actions.
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Several students and young professors who were recruited or mentored by Friedman at Chicago went on to become leading economists, including Gary Becker , Robert Fogel , Thomas Sowell  and Robert Lucas Jr. Friedman's challenges to what he later called "naive Keynesian theory"  began with his s interpretation of the consumption function. During the s he became the main advocate opposing Keynesian government policies,  and described his approach along with mainstream economics as using "Keynesian language and apparatus" yet rejecting its initial conclusions. His monetary theory influenced the Federal Reserve's response to the global financial crisis of —
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J'ai pas sommeil. Mehmet et Philippe ou les surprises de l'amour. Neuf trois in love.
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