The Temple at Uppsala was a religious center in the ancient Norse religion once located at what is now Gamla Uppsala Swedish "Old Uppsala" , Sweden attested in Adam of Bremen 's 11th-century work Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum and in Heimskringla , written by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century. Theories have been proposed about the implications of the descriptions of the temple and the findings of the archaeological excavations in the area, along with recent findings of extensive wooden structures and log lines that may have played a supporting role to activities at the site, including ritual sacrifice. In Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum , Adam of Bremen provides a description of the temple. Adam records that a "very famous temple called Ubsola" exists in a town close to Sigtuna. Adam details that the temple is "adorned with gold" and that the people there worship statues of three specific gods that sit on a triple throne. Thor , whom Adam refers to as "the mightiest," sits in the central throne, while Wodan Odin and Fricco Freyr are seated on the thrones to the sides of him.
Photos: Rare Viking Boat Graves Discovered in Sweden
Temple at Uppsala - Wikipedia
Kufic, an ancient Arabic script dating back to the 7th century, appeared in Viking Age chamber graves and boat graves in areas around the capital Stockholm. Astonishingly, the same characters can also be found in mosaics on burial monuments and mausoleums in Central Asia. Annika Larsson, researcher in textile archaeology at the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History at Uppsala University, believes that the presence of the Kufic characters at two different grave sites suggests that Viking funeral customs were influenced by Islam. The rich material of grave goods should rather be seen as tangible expressions of underlying values. In Valsgarde, a farm north of Gamla Uppsala, greater amounts of silk were found in the clothing of those buried there than wool and linen.
The Royal Mounds of Gamla Uppsala, Ancient Pagan Site of Sweden
Dating back to the 5th and 6th centuries, the Royal Mounds of Gamla Uppsala have been shrouded in mystery for generations, and were once believed to be gods Thor, Odin. Over the past couple of hundreds of years, however, a series of excavations seemed to confirm that they were in fact a burial site, and very likely the resting place of Swedish royalty of yore. Somewhat creepily, the octagonal tiers on the top floor of the building were designed to give mawkish spectators a good view of the macabre proceedings below. After a turn in the 19th century as a zoological museum, the theatre was restored to its original retired state in the s and can today be visited as part of a wider tour of the museum and university. But for a more immersive and intimate look at the man, his work and his life, you can also visit his former home and studio, which was turned into a museum in , ten years after his death.
Founded in , it is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries still in operation. The university rose to pronounced significance during the rise of Sweden as a great power at the end of the 16th century and was then given a relative financial stability with the large donation of King Gustavus Adolphus in the early 17th century. Uppsala also has an important historical place in Swedish national culture, identity and for the Swedish establishment: in historiography , literature, politics, and music.