JASMINUM SAMBAC (L.) Ait.

Family: Oleaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Beli, Ban Mallika.

Tribal Name: Mulipai (Chakma).

English Name: Arabian Jasmine, Sambac Jasmine, Tuscan Jasmine.

Description of the Plant:
An evergreen, somewhat climbing shrub. Leaves opposite, 3-10 cm long, variable in shape, usually ovate, acute or acuminate or obtuse, entire, glabrous. Flowers white, very fragrant, solitary or usually in 3-flowered terminal cymes.

Using Information:
The plants are used for the treatment of insanity, weakness of sight and affections of the mouth. Roots are used as an emmenagogue. The dried leaves soaked in water are used as a poultice in indolent ulcers. The flowers act as a lactifuge; bruished flowers applied to breasts to arrest secretion of milk in puerperal state in cases of threatened abscess. It is used against indolent and Brest tumour. In khagrachari leaves are used for menstrual disorders (Yusuf et al. 2009). EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is CNS depressant and hypotensive. Leaf extract possesses antibacterial properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents:
Flowers yield an essential oil rich in linalool, benzyl acetate, cis-jasmone and sesquiterpene. Indole, pyridine and nicotine derivatives have been reported in this plant. Tetrameric iridoid glycoside, sambacosides A, E and F, are present in the leaves. The glycosides, β-primeveroside and β-rutinoside, have been isolated from the flower buds (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Commonly cultivated in gardens.


JASMINUM SAMBAC
JASMINUM SAMBAC (L.) Ait.



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Retutn from JASMINUM SAMBAC to Medicinal Plants: Part J