Solanum indicum L.

Synonym : -
Bangla Name : Indi begun
English Name : -
Family : Solanaceae
Disease : Carminative, expectorant, vomiting and asthma.
Description : Herbs or subshrubs, erect or spreading, 1-1.5 m tall, armed, densely pubescent throughout with pale yellow, many-celled stellate hairs. Stems and branches stout, with flat, erect or slightly recurved prickles 1-8 mm. Petiole 3-8 cm, often with stalked, stellate hairs and erect prickles; leaf blade ovate, 10-20 × 8-18 cm, pubescent as on stems, denser abaxially, prickly along veins on both surfaces, base truncate or subhastate, margin 5-11-sinuate lobed, apex acute. Inflorescences extra-axillary, several flowered, scorpioid-racemose, 1.2-2 cm; peduncle ca. 3 mm. Flowers andromonoecious. Pedicel ca. 1 cm. Calyx lobes ovate, 8-10 mm. Corolla white, subrotate, 1-1.2 × 2 cm. Filaments very short; anthers lanceolate, acuminate, 7-8 mm. Style ca. 9 mm, glabrous. Fruiting pedicel erect, 1-1.5 cm. Fruiting calyx somewhat enlarged, reflexed. Berry orange, globose, ca. 2 cm in diam., densely stellate hirsute, tomentum persistent. Seeds brown, ca. 2 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Nov-Dec.
Distribution : -
Chemical Constituents : Enzyme in fruits. Alkaloids solanine, solanidine in roots and leaves. Fruits contain I.8% of alkaloids and can form a good source material for cortisone and sex hormone preparations.
Uses : This plant is used in Carminative, expectorant, vomiting and asthma.
Habit : Herb