Datura stramonium L.
|Synonym :|| Datura hybrida Ten.
Datura tatula L .
Stramonium foetidum Scop.
Stramonium spinosum Lam.
|Bangla Name :||-|
|English Name :||-|
|Disease :||Asthma, scabies, antihelmintic, sedative and lice infestation, rheumatism.|
|Description :||Plant 60-120 cm or more tall, branched, pubescent; the branches often purplish. Leaves 8-17 x 4-13 cm, ovate or broadly so, sinuately dentate, minutely puberulose, cuneate.Petiole 2-5 cm long. Calyx 3.5-5.5 cm long, tubular, 5-dentate, puberulous, persistent. Lobes 6-9 mm long, strongly reflexed in fruit, apiculate. Corolla 7-10 cm long, white or purplish suffused; limb up to 8 cm broad, shallowly 5-lobed, with the lobes, ± triangular-acuminate. Anthers ± 5 mm long, with the lobes narrow oblong, usually white. Capsule erect, 3-4 cm long, ovoid, spiny and densely pubescent, splitting by 4 valves; spines up to 5 mm long.Seeds 3 mm long, reniform, reticulate-foveolate, and black.|
|Chemical Constituents :||The major constituent are tropane alkaloids which vary from O.25-o.4 %, two-third of which is hyoscyamine and one-third is hyoscine. A number of withanolides have also been reported from the plant|
|Uses :||This plant is used in Asthma, scabies, antihelmintic, sedative and lice infestation, rheumatism.|