Crotalaria PALLIDA Ait.

Synonym : Crotalaria brownei DC.
Crotalaria hookeri Arn.
Crotalaria latifolia Wight & Arn.
Lebeckia rostrata Fenzl
Bangla Name : Jhunjhuna (Bangla),Kudug Jhunjhuni (Chakma), Easygaas (Tanchunga), Tha Sim Noi, Rati Aapa (Marma), Roa Bay (Murang).
English Name : -
Family : Fabeceae
Disease : Stomachache and indigestion.
Description : An erect low shrub up to 1.5 m high. Leaves 3-foliolate, leaflets 7-10 cm long, obovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, glabrous above and obscurely silky beneath. Racemes 20-50-flowered, reaching 15-30 cm long. Corolla yellow striped with red. Pods turgid, deflexed, rather recurved, 4-5 cm long, 20-30-seeded.
Distribution : Occur all over the country in fallow lands.
Chemical Constituents : Seeds contain alkaloids, mucronatine, usaramine, nilgirine, mucronatinine and crotastriatine (Asolkar et al., 1992). Luteolin, vitexin, its O-xyloside and chrysoeriol-7-rutinoside have also been isolated from seeds. Vitexin, vitexin-4ยด-O-xyloside and apig
Uses : Root extract is taken by Tanchangyas to cure stomachache and indigestion. EtOH(50%) extract of plant is hypotensive. Total alkaloids of the plant are antitumour against Walker 256 and sarcoma 180 rat tumours (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Habit : Shrub