Phyllodium PULCHELLUM (L.) Desv.

Synonym : Desmodium pulchellum (L.) Benth.
Dicerma pulchellum (L.) DC.
Hedysarum pulchellum L.
Meibomia pulchella (L.) Kuntze
Zornia pulchella (L.) Pers.
Bangla Name : Jutasalpani.
English Name : -
Family : Fabeceae
Disease : Haemorrhage, diarrhoea, poisoning, eye diseases and biliousness.
Description : A stoutish shrub, 1.2-1.5 m high. Leaves 3-foliolate, 7.5-18 cm long, leaflets ovate-elliptic, obtuse or subacute. Flowers yellow, in axillary or terminal racemes 7.5-25 cm long. Pods 3-6 mm long, indented on both sutures.
Distribution : Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Tangail, Dinajpur, Comilla, Mymensingh, Dhaka.
Chemical Constituents : The plant contains alkaloids, bufotenin and its methyl ether, N, N-dimethyltryptamine and its oxide, two tryptamine derivatives, gramine, 15 indole-3-alkylamine bases of tryptophan, ?-carbolines and several quaternary derivatives. Seeds contain galactoman
Uses : Decoction of the bark is used in haemorrhage, diarrhoea, poisoning and eye diseases. Flowers are used in biliousness. EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is hypotensive and spasmogenic (Asolkar et al.,1992).
Habit : Shrub