Hordeum vulgare L.

Synonym : Hordeum bifarium Roth
Hordeum hexastichon L.
Hordeum macrolepis A.Braun
Hordeum nigrum Willd.
Bangla Name : Jau,Jab.
English Name : Barley
Family : Poaceae
Disease : Fever, delivery weakness.
Description : Cultivated annuals; culms stout, erect, 40-80 cm tall; sheath with a pair of deltoid-acute auricle at mouth; ligule 1-2 mm long, membranous. Spike cylindrical, hexagonal, each node with 3 sessile, fertile spikelets; spikelets contracted into 6 rows on the main axis. Spikelets 1-flowered, sessile, 1-1.5 cm long, each node with cluster of three fertile spikelets; glumes subequal, subtending on the abaxial side of the lemma, bristle-like and extending into a long awn, and up to 15 mm long; lemma broadly lanceolate, 6-9 mm long, 5-nerved, glabrous, tipped with a long awn of 60-90 mm long; palea as long as the lemma.
Distribution : -
Chemical Constituents : Fat, starch, protein. Alkaloid hordenine.Luteolin glycoside, orientoside and orientin. Hordenine and its methyl ether have bronchodialtory properties.
Uses : This plant is used in Fever, delivery weakness.
Habit : Herb