Nicotiana TABACUM L.
|Synonym :|| Nicotiana chinensis Fisch. ex Lehm.
Nicotiana latissima Mill.
Nicotiana mexicana Schltdl.
Nicotiana pilosa Dunal
|Bangla Name :||Tamak.,Siah (Marma).|
|English Name :||Tobacco.|
|Disease :||Sedative, narcotic, emetic, antispasmodic, rheumatic, skin diseases, scorpion-sting, ulcers and tumours.|
|Description :||An erect glandular-pubescent herb. Leaves large, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, the lower semiamplexicaul and decurrent. Flowers rosy or reddish, pedicelled, 4-5 cm long, in many-flowered, usually panicled racemes. Capsule 1.5-1.8 cm long, a little longer than the calyx.|
|Distribution :||Cultivated, especially in greater Rangpur and Chittagong Hill Trats.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Tobacco leaf contains several pyridine alkaloids, the principal one being a liquid alkaloid, nicotine. Other alkaloids present include nicoteine, nicotimine, anabaine anatalline and nornicotine. It also contains a high percetntage of organic acids. Leaves|
|Uses :||Leaves are sedative, narcotic, emetic, antispasmodic and fish poison, used for the treatment of rheumatic swellings, skin diseases and scorpion-sting. A decoction of the leaf is used as a fomentation to the spine in tetanus, induce muscular relaxation, re|