Saccharum SPONTANEUM L.


Synonym : -
Bangla Name : Khag, Kash, Kaisha, Kashiya, Khagra, Kaichha (Chittagong).
English Name : Thatch Grass.
Family : Poaceae
Disease : Refrigerant, laxative , bile, skin disease, phthisis, calculi, blood disease, biliousness , haemorrhagic diathesis, galactagogue and diuretic.
Description : A tall, erect, perennial grass, reaching sometimes 6 m high, stem erect from a stout rootstock, solid, silky beneath the panicle. Leaves 30-75 cm by 3-6 mm, narrowly linear, finely acuminate, rigid. Panicle 20-60 cm long, lanceolate, silky-hairy, rachis slender, branches 3-5-nate, 5-10 cm long.
Distribution : All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.
Chemical Constituents : Leaves and stalks contain lignin, carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids. An oxidizing enzyme, tyrosinase (polyphenol oxidase), have been isolated from the freeze-dried tissues of the plant. Roots and rootstocks contain starch and polyphenolic compounds
Uses : Plants are refrigerant, laxative and alleviative of bile, skin burning, strangury and phthisis. It is also useful in vesical calculi, diseases of blood, biliousness and haemorrhagic diathesis. Roots are used as a galactagogue and diuretic. Alcoholic ext
Habit : -