Solanum TORVUM Swartz.

Synonym : Solanum filicifolium sensu Abeywick
Solanum ficifolium Ortega
Solanum mayanum Lundell
Bangla Name : Tit Begun, Gotha Begun, Hat Begun. ,Bigal biji (Chakma), Kajo-ba, Khaja (Marma), Titar Berul (Tanchangya), Kurka Plawo (Murong).
English Name : -
Family : Solanceae
Disease : Sedative, diuretic, digestive, cough, haemostatic, spleen,thread-worms, poulticing cracks , antibacterial and antifungal.
Description : A tomentose, sparingly armed shrub, 2.5-4 m high. Leaves ovate sinuate or lobed, up to 15.3 cm long and 10.2 cm broad, stellately tomentose beneath and softly hairy above, without prickles. Flowers white, in short, extra-axillary, lateral cymes, often bifurcated and dense, many-flowered. Fruit a berry, 0.6-1.3 cm, globose, smooth, yellow when ripe.
Distribution : Outskirt of the forests and roadsides, throughout the country.
Chemical Constituents : Fruits contain sterolin (sitosterol-d-glucoside) and 0.1% gluco-alkaloid solasonine (Chopra et. al., 1992). Steriodal sapogenins - sisalagenone and torvogenin have also been isolated from fruits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Leaves contain steroidal gluco-a
Uses : The plant is sedative, diuretic and digestive, used in the treatment of cough. Leaves are used as haemostatic. The fruits are eaten as a vegetable, good in enlarged spleen. The Marma take boiled fruits with rice at night for 2-3 days to expell thread-wor
Habit : Shrub