Solanum VIOLACEUM Ortega

Synonym : Solanum indicum L.
Solanum chinense Dunal
Solanum nivalomontanum C.Y. Wu & S.C. Huang
Bangla Name : Phutki, Tit Begun, Brihati Begun, Baikur. ,Pokhongkhesi (Marma), Titbahal (Garo).
English Name : Poison Berry, Indian Night Shade.
Family : Solanaceae
Disease : Digestive, carminative, bowels, cardiac tonic, expectorant, aphrodisiac, asthma, dry cough, catarrh, colic, flatulence, worms, dysuria, toothache, fever, nasal ulcers, stop vomiting,thelmintic, laxative, digestive, pruritus, leucoderma, sores,intoxicati
Description : A much-branched under shrub, 0.3-1.5 m high, branches provided with curved prickles. Leaves 5-15 cm long, ovate in outline, acute, subentire or with a few large triangular-ovate subacute lobes, sparsely prickly on both sides, hairy. Flowers in racemose extra-exillary cymes, corolla 8 mm long, pale purple. Berry 8 mm diam., globose, dark yellow when ripe.
Distribution : Throughout the country on forest edges, road sides and fallow lands.
Chemical Constituents : Fruits contain 1.8% steroidal alkaloids. Leaves and roots also contain the steroidal alkaloids, solanine, solanidine and solasodine (Ghani, 2003).
Uses : Roots are digestive, carminative, astringent to the bowels, cardiac tonic, expectorant and aphrodisiac, useful in asthma, dry cough, catarrh, colic, flatulence, worms, dysuria, toothache and fever. Pounded root is used in nasal ulcers. Leaf juice mixed wi
Habit : Shrub