Zea MAYS L.
|Synonym :|| Mays vulgaris Ser.
Zea alba Mill.
Zea hirta Bonaf.
Zea japonica Van Houtte
Zea vulgaris Mill.
|Bangla Name :||Bhootta, Mokka (Tanchangya).|
|English Name :||Indian Corn, Maize.|
|Description :||A tall annual grass with large linear-oblong leaves. Female inflorescence (cobs) appear in the axils of the lower leaves, tightly enveloped by large membranous bracts. Male inflorescence in terminal panicled, spike-like racemes with 2-nate spikelets. Female spikelets 2-nate in 4-11 longitudinal rows, slightly immersed in the spongy axis of the cob. Grain large, subglobose or dorsally more or less flattened, surrounded by the dried up glumes.|
|Distribution :||Cultivated more or less throughout the country.|
|Chemical Constituents :||Maize karnel contains carbohydrates 66.2%, protein 11.1%, fat 3.6%, minerals 1.5% and fibres 2.7%. Karnel also contains vitamins – thiamine, riboflavin, niacin. It also contains p-carotene, pantothenic acid, folic acid, choline, pyridoxine, biotin and vit|
|Uses :||The grains are appetizer and fattening, cures biliousness. A decoction of the grain is used as a hip-bath for piles, lessens pain. It is resolvent and astringent. An alkaline solution prepared from the burnt cobs is given in lithiasis. In Europe, the grai|